GYC strongly supports legislation that is introduced in the U.S. Congress, calling for protections for East Rosebud Creek, a spectacular stream that rushes off the granite shoulders of the Beartooth Mountains through undulating ranchlands. East Rosebud is a stronghold for native cutthroat trout.
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Cutthroat Trout: Fighting for survival in Yellowstone Lake
Latest News: The 2014 cutthroat trout recovery efforts on Yellowstone Lake are winding down for the year. GYC recently worked with U.S. Geological Survey staff to make final preparations for winter and collect the last of the year’s radio telemetry data for spawning lake trout. The October weather was absolutely gorgeous and there was optimism among the various teams working to restore Yellowstone’s cherished native trout. Netting efforts continue to show progress in reducing the lake trout population and cutthroat numbers are slowly rebounding.
Overview: Yellowstone is home to some of the most productive and cherished fisheries in the world. Rivers and streams such as the Madison, Firehole, Yellowstone, Slough Creek and Lamar draw anglers from across the globe each year. Yellowstone’s aquatic icon has always been the Yellowstone cutthroat trout, and historically, there was no place better to catch a Yellowstone cutthroat than Yellowstone Lake. Everything changed in 1994, when a fisherman caught a non-native and illegally introduced lake trout.
Yellowstone Lake and its tributaries once supported an estimated 3.5 million Yellowstone cutthroat trout. Since the illegal introduction of lake trout in the 1980s, the cutthroat population in Yellowstone Lake has plummeted. Catch rates for Yellowstone cutthroats have significantly dropped as more and more lake trout are caught every year. The precipitous drop in cutthroat numbers is a result of lake trout predating on cutthroat trout.
In response to the crisis at Yellowstone Lake, the National Park Service began gill-netting lake trout in hopes of keeping the population in check. While this approach has resulted in hundreds of thousands of lake trout being removed from the lake, it has not succeeded in stemming the decline of cutthroat or the continued growth of the lake trout population.
Cutthroat trout are a critical part of the food web in Yellowstone. Biologists have estimated that up to 42 species – from grizzly bears to otters to osprey – rely on Yellowstone cutthroats as a food source. In contrast, lake trout spend most of their lives deep in the lake, inaccessible to most would-be predators. Research on grizzly bears has shown that as cutthroat trout numbers have diminished in spawning tributaries, bears are no longer able to utilize this high calorie food source and have abandoned their historic springtime use of these streams.
The effort to restore Yellowstone Lake’s iconic cutthroat trout population entered a new phase in 2011 when Yellowstone National Park officials made restoring cutthroat a top priority, and a new partnership was formed between the National Park Service, GYC, Trout Unlimited and the National Parks Conservation Association. The summer of 2012 was another banner year, with approximately 300,000 lake trout netted. What's more, cutthroat numbers appear to be increasing for the first time in more than a decade.
To help sustain this success, scientists have surgically implanted radio tags in lake trout to identify key areas of movement and spawning locations. This critical information will make lake trout suppression efforts much more effective and that, in turn, will give Yellowstone cutthroats a better chance to rebound from their current low numbers.
It is our goal to bring back vibrant populations of Yellowstone cutthroat to Yellowstone Lake, a place once considered the “safety-deposit box” for this magnificent fish.
Project Goals: To save Yellowstone cutthroat trout in Yellowstone Lake and its tributaries. As our climate warms over the coming decades, the Yellowstone lake population of cutthroat trout will become even more crucial to the future of this increasingly rare species. GYC is advocating for a sustained commitment to conserving Yellowstone cutthroat trout in the Park, and especially in Yellowstone Lake.
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May 29, 2014 - Hybrid Trout Threaten Montana's Native Cutthroats
May 07, 2014 - Yellowstone Park lake trout suppression makes strides
March 12, 2014 - Lake trout cull could boost cutthroat, feed grizzlies
February 10, 2014 - County backs study of lake trout
October 25, 2013 - Biologists count more cutthroat in the Snake